Part I – MUSEUM – ANOTHER DIMENSION

When I want to move from one place to another world and step into another era and find myself in a completely different environment, the museum gives me that opportunity. Then I lose track of time and become “Alice in Wonderland”. The museum gives you the opportunity to get acquainted with the works of the world’s greatest artists and learn something new about their lives and creativity. If you want, step with me into a small corner of another dimension of world artists and their works of art. I will select only some pictures that fascinated me the most during my visit to the museum. Because the Museum is a cultural institution of great importance that encourages positive emotions.

Queen Natalia in 1882

Natalija Obrenović was a princess (from 1875 to 1882, queen of Serbia (from 1882 to 1888) and wife of Milan I Obrenović (born on August 22, 1854 in Marašešta, — died on February 11, 1901 in (46 years) of pneumonia, Vienna, Austria-Hungary). He was the prince of Serbia (1868-1882), the first modern king of Serbia (1882-1889) and commander of the active army of Serbia (1897-1900).

Natalija Obrenović, her maiden name Petrovna Keško, was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, on May 14, 1859. year From his father, Colonel Petar Keško, and his mother, Princess Pulcheria Sturdz of Moldavia. At the age of 6 her father died, and her mother, in fragile health, spent her days in European spas. Relatives take care of Natalia’s two sisters and brother. She lost her mother at the age of 15. After her mother’s death, Natalia stayed with her brother and her two sisters in Russia.

When she was seventeen, Natalija got engaged to Prince Milan Obrenović. They met on October 17, 1875. They got married in Belgrade, and the following year gave birth to his heir Alexander. Aleksandar I Obrenović (born August 14, 1876, Belgrade Principality of Serbia – died May 29, 1903 (26 years in Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbia)) was the king of Serbia (1889-1903), the last of the Obrenović dynasty.

Natalia also gave birth to another son, Sergej, who lived only a few days in 1878.

1882 – Serbia became a kingdom, and Princess Natalija became queen. The people loved and accepted Natalia as their queen, calling her the “Serbian mother”.

Natalia was known as a connoisseur and admirer of art and was happy to help artists.

At the invitation of the Serbian Court in 1882. Vlaho Bukovac (born on July 4, 1855 in the small town of Chiavari (near Genoa), Austrian Empire – died of a stroke at the age of 67, on April 23, 1922 in Prague, Czechoslovakia) was a painter , academician and pedagogue, director of the Czech Academy of Painting (Prague), by genealogy, Italian. His parents were poor: his father was a shoemaker and his mother a weaver.

He is coming to Serbia. Invited by King Milan Obrenović, and at Queen Natalija’s persuasion that he do her portrait, he leaves France and comes to Belgrade.

The portrait of the Serbian Queen Natalija Obrenović also brought him the Order of the Takovski Cross V degree from the King of Milan, which is kept today in the artist’s legacy – the Bukovac House in Cavtat. He was also awarded the Order of Saint Sava.

Vlaho Bukovac was an honorary member of the Serbian Royal Academy from 15.11.1892, a correspondent of the Academy of Arts from 04.02.1905. and in 1919, an honorary member of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Disagreements, except on the private level, were followed by disagreements on political issues as well. Originally from Russia, Natalija was in favor of Russia, and Milan was in favor of Vienna. A divorce followed in 1888. The exiled queen went to Germany with her son Alexander. Milan asked her to return his son to him, which she did after a long opposition. A year later, due to the failure that Serbia experienced in the war against Bulgaria, King Milan abdicated.

Serbian king Milan I Obrenović abdicated in 1889 and left power to his son Alexander and left the country.

After the abdication, Milan Obrenović mostly lived abroad (Vienna, Paris), most often introducing himself under the name of Count of Takovo.

Serbia was to be ruled by the Viceroyalty until Alexander came of age. Aleksandar in 1893. declared him of age, abolished the Viceroyalty and assumed power.

Natalia continued her life in France in the castle “Sashino”, which was named after her son Alexander (Sasha). She was kept company by Draga Mašin, a lady of the court. It is believed that this is how Aleksandar and Draga Mašin met and fell in love.

King Aleksandar married Draga Mašin (Lunjevica) in 1900. Draga was not in good standing, she was a court lady and a widow, 10 years older than the king.

Instead of congratulating her son on the occasion of the wedding, Queen Natalya publicly disowned him in a letter.

In August 1900, it was announced that Draga was pregnant. The examination of the Russian doctor Snegirevsa revealed that the pregnancy was fake. The king did not want to believe it, so he called doctors Wertheim from Vienna and Cantacuzen from Bucharest, who confirmed the findings of their colleagues. It was then clear to the King that Draga would never be able to give birth to the heir to the throne of Serbia. So he decided to get a divorce just a few months before the assassination.

The political situation was unstable, the army was in bad shape. Certain officers and politicians came up with a plan of what to do and decided that the king and queen should be killed.

May upheaval05.29.1903 a group of officers led by Dragutin Dimitrijević Apis killed King Alexander I Obrenović and his wife Draga Obrenović, an event recorded in history as the “May upheaval “.

The National Assembly met on June 4, 1903 and voted for Petar I Karađorđević to become the new ruler of Serbia.

The Karađorđević dynasty comes to the throne of Serbia.

Queen Natalija Obrenović retired from public life after the loss of the child of King Aleksandar I Obrenović. They did not have a chance to reconcile because King Alexander, together with Queen Draga, was killed in the May coup of 1903.

She converted to the Catholic faith and became a monk. She was a great benefactor.

Serbian Queen Natalija Obrenović, wife of Serbian King Milan Obrenović and mother of Crown Prince Alexander I Obrenović.

She died in France on May 8, 1941. She was buried in the old Lardi cemetery near Paris.

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25 thoughts on “Part I – MUSEUM – ANOTHER DIMENSION

    1. Every country has its own history and I enjoy reading articles about historical figures who have done something and contributed. Whether it’s about royal families, scientists, painters and other important people. I’m glad you liked it and thanks for visiting. I wish you a nice weekend.

      Liked by 1 person

  1. Great detail…great pictures…great research…! It is obvious that you are an admirer of historical detail. How did you find my blog. Our interests seem so different. Thank you for exploring so many of my conversations with our Maker. Your talents are extraordinaire. Keep up the good work. Hopefully, I will see you next week.

    Liked by 1 person

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